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Meet Cloud Pergola, The Croatian Pavilion at the Venice BiennaleSunday 10 June 2018
Meet Cloud Pergola, The Croatian Pavilion at the Venice Biennale ♦ At the Croatian Pavilion of the Venice Architecture Biennale, visitors are able to experience Cloud Pergola, a unique environment and one of the world’s largest and most complex 3D printed structures.
The opening of the 16th Venice Biennale, on May 26th (until November 25th 2018), unveiled the collaborative site-specific environment of the Croatian Pavilion, curated by the croatian architect Bruno Juričić. The installation, that crosses the boundaries of architecture, art, engineering, robotic fabrication and computational models, won the favor of the public, by inviting to reflect on hospitality and climate change and shaping a new paradigm for architecture in the 21st century.
The visitors of the Croatian Pavilion, at the Venice Biennale, were surprised with an exhibition curated and authored by architect Bruno Juričić, that transforms a classic mediterranean typology, the pergola, into an uncommon and futuristic forest of lattice trees.
The Croatian Pavilion brought together visionary companies -Arup and Ai-Build- and advanced designers and innovation-oriented architects -Alisa Andrašek and Bruno Juričić- to envision new synergies between academic research, architectural practice and cutting-edge digital fabrication.
The opening ceremony was attended by many notable figures like Patrik Schumacher, the Director at Zaha Hadid Architects and Bart Lootsma, the Dean of the Faculty of Architecture at Universität Innsbruck, among many others.
“I wanted the pavilion to push the boundaries of the aesthetics, spatial and tectonic consequences of emerging paradigms of augmented intelligence at the cross-over between architecture, art, and engineering by presenting a full-scale pergola structure made using 3D robotic fabrication and automated design protocols. The Cloud Pergola was envisioned as a paradigm for what architecture should stand for in the 21st century”, said Bruno Juričić.
Cloud Pergola / The Architecture of Hospitality is composed by Cloud Drawing – the main installation of the pavilion, curated by architects Alisa Andrasek and Bruno Juričić – that in fact re-designs the relationship between the natural world and human intervention by mathematically capturing clouds formation, while simultaneously integrating site-specific environmental data into a synthesis of form, figure, posture, tectonics, porosity, and light effect.
“The Cloud Drawing structure was designed by using a multi-agent algorithm”, Alisa Andrasek and Bruno Juričić explain, “where agents can be understood as active discrete elements whose behaviors are determined by a collection of rules, often based on stimulus-response logic driven by design intent and specific constraints of fabrication”.
Formed of 300 kilograms of 3D printed bio-degradable plastic, the pavilion cloud-like structure is formed of voxels oriented along a field of vectors generated by a set of fluid forces designed by the architect. Arup provided structural guidance throughout all phases of the design in the definition of the voxels and in the analysis of the complex structure made of more than 100,000 extruded elements. Arup collaborated with the 3D manufacturing team of Ai-Build to develop a simple assembly sequence for the complex and delicate piece which is meant to be touring various exhibition spaces after its passage at the Venice Biennale 2018.
Under the cloud, a wall-based work by Vlatka Horvat is hosted: in “To Still the Eye”, the visual artist explores the notion of horizon as a physical manifestation of distance and as a metaphor for the future, wanting to address this sense of possibility.
In the background, so as to create an immersive environment, transdisciplinary artist Maja Kuzmanović proposes an audio installation titled Ephemeral Garden that evokes the sense of convivial gatherings under a pergola. The murmur of conversation, complemented with the sound of animated matter, produces a space where human and non-human voices intermingle.
“The Croatian Pavilion stands at the forefront of computing and robotics in architecture”, wrote architecture critic Bart Lootsma, “and it is admired beyond technological innovation, offering an elegant, ephemeral and poetic experience. Isn’t a pergola, in its function of filtering the sun, ideally a simulation of clouds anyway? I hope I may encounter such a breezy structure or maybe even a bigger one on a hot day on the Croatian coast one day.”
Cloud Pergola / The Architecture of Hospitality originally interprets FREESPACE, the theme proposed by Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara, directors of the 16th International Architecture Exhibition of La Biennale di Venezia, and takes it one step further, transforming the intricate structure of the pergola into a tissue for osmotic exchange, designing the land of tomorrow, merging past and future, nature and technologies, human and robotic perspective.
Cloud Pergola is the place where engaging the issues of tomorrow, a place where a Mediterranean architecture becomes an unprecedented landscape of the future.
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All Image Credits to Jan Stojkovic
Source: Croatian Pavilion