Top Architects and Designers: Be Inspired by The Legacy of Zaha Hadid ⇒ Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid was an Iraqi-British architect who left an incredible legacy to the community, that lives on through Zaha Hadid Architects. The buildings of the designer are distinctively neo-futuristic, characterised by the “powerful, curving forms of her elongated structures” with “multiple perspective points and fragmented geometry to evoke the chaos of modern life”.
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Biography: the woman before the myth
Hadid was born on 31 October 1950 in Baghdad. She grew up in one of Baghdad’s first Bauhaus-inspired buildings during an era in which “modernism connoted glamour and progressive thinking” in the Middle East.
She studied mathematics at the American University of Beirut before moving to study at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London, where she met Rem Koolhaas, Elia Zenghelis, and Bernard Tschumi. She worked for her former professors, Koolhaas and Zenghelis, at the Office for Metropolitan Architecture, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands; she became a partner in 1977. Through her association with Koolhaas, she met Peter Rice, the engineer who gave her support and encouragement early on at a time when her work seemed difficult. In 1980, she established her own London-based practice. During the 1980s, she also taught at the Architectural Association.
In 2004, she became the first woman to win the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize.
Background & Realizations: the projects
Zaha Hadid also undertook a couple of high-profile interior design projects, including the Mind Zone at the Millennium Dome in London as well as creating fluid furniture installations within the Georgian surroundings of Home House private members club in Marylebone, and the Z.CAR hydrogen-powered, three-wheeled automobile. In 2009 she worked with the clothing brand Lacoste, to create a new, high fashion, and advanced boot. In the same year, she also collaborated with the brassware manufacturer Triflow Concepts to produce two new designs in her signature parametric architectural style.
In 2007, Hadid designed the Moon System Sofa for leading Italian furniture manufacturer B&B Italia. In 2013, Hadid designed Liquid Glacial, which comprises a series of tables resembling ice-formations made from clear and coloured acrylic. Their design embeds surface complexity and refraction within a powerful fluid dynamic. Prototype Liquid Glacial Table | Zaha Hadid at David Gill Galleries.
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Talent is a heritage
Hadid has taught at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, where she was the Kenzo Tange Professorship and the Sullivan Chair at the University of Illinois at Chicago’s School of Architecture. She also served as guest professor at the Hochschule für bildende Künste Hamburg (HFBK Hamburg), the Knowlton School of Architecture at Ohio State University, the Masters Studio at Columbia University, and the Eero Saarinen Visiting Professor of Architectural Design at the Yale School of Architecture. She also taught at the University of Applied Arts Vienna in Austria.
Hadid was named an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and an honorary fellow of the American Institute of Architects. She has been on the board of trustees of The Architecture Foundation.
The Creator’s Choice
Hadid’s architectural language has been described as “famously extravagant” with many of her projects sponsored by “dictator states”. Rowan Moore described Hadid’s Heydar Aliyev Center as “not so different from the colossal cultural palaces long beloved of Soviet and similar regimes”. Architect Sean Griffiths characterised Hadid’s work as “an empty vessel that sucks in whatever ideology might be in proximity to it”. Art historian Maike Aden criticises, in particular, the foreclosure of Zaha Hadid’s architecture of the MAXXI in Rome towards the public and the urban life that undermines even the most impressive program to open the museum.
RECALLING ZAHA HADID GROUP’S LUXURY BATHROOM DESIGNS FOR PORCELANOSA
IL MAKIAGE PAVILION BY ZAHA HADID ARCHITECTS OPENED IN NEW YORK
The Most Iconic Projects
In 2010, Hadid was commissioned by the Iraqi government to design the new building for the Central Bank of Iraq. An agreement to complete the design stages of the new CBI building was finalized on 2 February 2012, at a ceremony in London. This will be her first project in her native Iraq. Other work includes Pierres Vives, the new departmental records building (to host three institutions, namely, the archive, the library and the sports department), for French department Hérault, in Montpellier.
Hadid’s project was named as the best for the Vilnius Guggenheim Hermitage Museum in 2008. She designed the Innovation Tower for Hong Kong Polytechnic University, scheduled for completion in 2013, and the Chanel Mobile Art Pavilion that was displayed in Hong Kong in 2008.
MAXXI Museu, Rome
London 2012 Aquatics Centre
520 West 28th Street, New York
Exhibition at the Palazzo Franchetti, Venezia, 2016
New National Stadium (Tokyo)
Liquid Glacial Table
Heydar Aliyev Center, Baku
Vilnius Guggenheim Hermitage Museum
Chanel Mobile Art Pavilion, Paris
Innovation Tower at Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Zaha Hadid was truly a creative genius that has granted the world with astonishingly curated buildings and products. The revolutionary creator will always be remembered for her distinctively neo-futuristic buildings, powerfully curvy and elongated creations. In each architectural project, the architect was able to create a new expressive identity. The Legacy of Zaha Hadid will always live on!
⇒ See Also: THE MOST INFLUENTIAL WOMEN IN DESIGN/ARCHITECTURE OF THE 21ST-CENTURY ⇐
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